Friday, July 31, 2015

The female silent killer: ‘Help! Parents are secretly cutting the genitals of their daughters’.



Female genital mutilation, ranging from the cutting off of the clitoris to the removal of the entire  genitalia carried out from the youngest babies to teenagers has become a serious global public health and human rights issue. - The World Health Organisation (WHO) declared that over 125 million women have been mutilated in 29 countries in Africa and Middle East, while condemning the practice as a “violation of the human rights of women”.
United Nations Secretary General, Ban ki-Moon, recently, in Nairobi, Kenya, launched a global campaign to end the deadly practice saying, “the mutilation of girls and women must stop in this generation, our generation”
In this interview with Dr. Adedoyin Ogunyemi, a public health expert who leads an advocacy group in Nigeria committed to stopping Female Genital Mutilation (FGM), talks about it, the extent the practice is ravaging our country and how to tackle the problem and restore the dignity and respect of our girl children. She is of the Royal Hospital, Ojodu, Lagos.
What is female genital mutilation (FGM)?
Female genitalmutilation is actually female circumcision which is a harmful practice carried out in most African countries and the Middle East – Yemen was recently included.
The practice involves total or partial removal of some or all the female external genitalia or genital reproductive organs, for cultural, non-medical reasons, causing injury to the female organs. In the circumcision, the glands and clitoris, the vaginal tips are cut off. It’s no longer circumcision, but mutilated. We see the practice as violation of human rights of women. They ought be free from discrimination, coercion. It is violence considering the injury, both physical and psychological, beyond public health issue.
Explain the types of FGM?
There are various types of FGM. Type 1 is the removal or excision (cutting off) of the prepuce, the glands and part of or all of the clitoris – sensitive part of the vagina, the outer lips. Type 2, removal of the whole clitoris and the partial or total excision of the labia minora.
Type 3, cutting off or excision of the external genitalia or labia majora, that is removing all the clitoris and the vaginal tips, stitching, or narrowing of the vaginal openings, leaving only a small opening for urine and menstruation to pass through. Type 4, piercing or incision of the clitoris or the labia stretching of the clitoris and or the labia or burning the clitoris and surrounding tissues and the vagina opening. Then, there is the introduction of corrosive substance or herbs into the vagina which can cause bleeding and narrowing and tightening of the vagina.
Are there health consequences involved in these types of mutilations? Can you specify the consequences?
Yes, there are short and long term health consequences. The short term ones include severe pains (no anaesthetic or pain killing drugs administered), bleeding, anaemia, low blood level due to bleeding, infection like tetanus, hepatitis B, HIV, AIDS, etc. There will be urinary retention because urine stays back. Haemorrhage or severe bleeding during circumcision could lead to even death.
The long term health consequences include abcess, painful cyst, scars, keloid, painful sexual intercourse, difficult pregnancy and child birth, obstructed labour, narrow vagina, tightening makes labour very difficult and therefore resort to caesarian section, retention of menstrual fluid as blood can’t flow, eclampsia, hypertension, unsafe abortion, higher post partum.
Infertility could occur and the women may not know – because there is no where for the menstruation to come out. There can be “still births” as babies can die, before the time of delivery.
There are also psychological consequences which include low self-esteem, poor concentration in school while bleeding can cause death.
Can we know, from your findings, the reasons for female circumcision?
The reasons are mostly socio – cultural. No religious undertone, but spiritual purity may be adduced for the practice. You also have the need to preserve virginity, cultural identity, sense of pride of the coming of age, passage from being a girl to womanhood, to prevent promiscuity, sexual escapades by teenage girls. But it may rebound as fear of sexual intercourse could lead to frigidity and unwillingness to respond to lovemaking. Reasons vary according to different ethnic beliefs.
What is the prevalence rate of FGM in Nigeria?
About 30% of our women have been cut. It should be zero. I can recall that some years ago when the late First Lady, Mrs. Stella Obasanjo attended a women’s conference held in a foreign country, she advocated zero tolerance for FGM and a day to be set aside by the UN to mark it around the world. I think it was 6th February that was fixed and being observed worldwide.
FGM is both a public health issue and also human rights. It must be dealt with. It is harmful. Nigeria has the highest maternal mortality rate in the world – 576 per 100,000 which is 13% of the global maternal mortality rate. If female circumcision is adequately tackled,it can reduce maternal mortality rate in this country. Public health issues should be dealt with beyond building of hospitals and magnificent medical facilities.
Female circumcision is carried out on babies from age of infancy, 2, 5 years to teenagers, particularly in babies to reduce the horror of the pains.
Currently, some states in Nigeria such as Ekiti, Abia, Ondo, Lagos, Bayelsa, Rivers, Ogun, Osun, Cross River and Edo have laws prohibiting female genital cutting. Many others are yet to enact laws prohibiting FMG, allowing it without noise done to kids and babies because it heals faster on babies, with less trauma. There is no singular federal legislation against FGM at the moment. The problem is still there. Provision of clean water for the public will help combat many diseases.
You lead an advocacy group – Healthmark Consult, a public health organisation. How are you tackling FGM?
There should be more media campaign and enlightenment on this harmful practice. Media involvement is lacking. Many people are not aware of the health consequences of FGM.
Girl, children or women should not be circumcised at all in the first place, unlike boys who need to cut off the prepuce or tissue on the outer tip of the penis. It must be removed for boys – for medical reason. More information and education on harmful effects of female circumcision on health of the girl or woman is needed across thecountry. It is not over yet.
For girls, there are other alternatives to FGM. Chastity rings, bangles can be worn to signify their virginity and readiness for marriage. Government must do more to reduce poverty, inequality; ensure gender balancing in education; discourage early marriage for girls; enhance access to education and health services, female empowerment. We need a mechanism to ensure community  dialogue involving men, women, boys, girls, old and young.
We need to ban early marriages, encourage people to speak out-men and boys. Why should a girl be cut! Unfortunately, FGM is about women against women. We should speak to female circumcisers who do this work, provide alternatives like offering them loans to trade or acquire vocational skills. Let’s try focused group discussion capable of having snowballing effect – one to another. Medicalisation of FGM may seem proper, but what is bad is bad. Female circumcisers are found in several villages across the country. These are women themselves engaged to cut off female sex organs.
Why are we not getting experts’ statistics, figures on FGM and survivors or victims to speak?
Many things are expected to be done, but not done. It used to be 41% but dropped to 19%. It will keep falling until people speak out. Speaking out can get FGM to zero level.
Systematic random sampling may be difficult to get, even what we get is a tip of the ice berg. It could be more. If we have improved social justice, people can speak up and be heard. Legislation had been slow and slack without lobby. More of peer activities, peer education, multi-pronged approach are required. If a public health issue like this is not problemised, we cannot get it done. Survivors and victims of FGM can’t speak for fear of stigmatisation.
According to the Nigerian Demographic Health Survey, NDHS, done every five years, one in four women, aged between 15 – 49 years has been circumcised.
In the 2013 survey, Osun State has the highest with 77%, Ebonyi 74%, Ekiti 72%, while Katsina had lowest 0.1%.
On the prevalence rate, South-West is 47.5%, South-East 49%, South-South 25.8%, North-West 20.7%, North-Central 9.9%, North-East 2.9%.
Among ethnic groups, Yoruba have the highest with 55%, Igbo 45%, Hausa 19%, Ijaw 13% and Fulani 13%.FGM is highest among daughters of circumcised women. Elite women with good jobs, professionals in various fields of endeavour are not left out, but female circumcision is done in secret, no noise. Many parents are cutting the  genitals of their daughters secretly especially in the rural areas which can be stopped, not only by legislation but also through persuasion, community enlightenment, family and peer discussion. The campaign against FGM should go down to the grassroots where this deadly practice is still rampant. updated by (Anex119).

Mufutau Sani, Popular Yoruba Movie Actor Known as “AjigiJaga” Is Dead

Mufutau Sani, Popular Yoruba Movie Actor Known as “AjigiJaga” Is Dead


Yoruba Nollywood actor, Mr. Mufutau Sanni, a.k.a. Ajigijaga is dead.
This shocking news was confirmed by President of The Golden Movies Ambassador (TGMA), Mr. Saidi Balogun, who commjnicated his grief over Ajigijaga’s passing via mobile text message this afternoon.
R.I.P., Ajigijaga.
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Thursday, July 30, 2015

Photos: Controversial South African pastor prays gay spirit into man

Remember the pastor who made his members swallow snakes and eat cloth during one of his deliverance services? Well he is in the news again. Last Sunday while preaching in his church, he prayed the gay spirit into the young man pictured above. See more photos after the cut...
Read Toke Makinwa’s Response To Her Hubby’s Apology

Read Toke Makinwa’s Response To Her Hubby’s Apology


 


Last week, Maje Ayida took to the social media to tender a public apology to his wife, popular Rythym FM On Air Personality (OAP), Toke Makinwa for impregnating his ex-girlfriend, Anita Solomon. 
But rather than comment over the apology tendered, Toke has carried on as if nothing has happened. 


No doubt about it, Anita Solomon’s pregnancy has brought some hitches to Toke Makinwa and Maje Ayida’s marriage as both seems to be maintaining quite a distance from each other. 
Anita Solomon delivered a baby boy for Maje Ayida in the United Kingdom on Sunday July 19, 2015. 
JAMB Has Shattered My Vision In Life

JAMB Has Shattered My Vision In Life

This is a real life story of a 300-level student of Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka. [Amaka]
Read it below…..
I was eating Eba with okro soup when Humble called me. The soup was prepared by my sister. She said she saw it in a trance, then she decided to prepare it. This time she specially prepared it and it was really nice. I have good nose for food and I like food that is well prepared. She had told me that I’m picky when it comes to food. I would mould the Eba to a small sizable ball, in to the soup trying to scoop up some chunks of fish, I would put it in my mouth, gently swallow it, reserving the chunks of fish into my mouth and then crush it with my teeth after which I would swallow it. I had said that egusi soup was my best soup, but after tasting that okro soup, I had a change of heart. I prayed it never finish.
“Did you hear what’s been going on?” He asked. Immediately I heard that, my mind went far and near. I wanted to guess what it was. He is my friend and of cause we are both aspirants, so I thought that the only thing he will be talking about should be something relating to admission. Maybe the long awaited post UTME form is out.
Shell to sack 6,500; cut spending to cope with lower oil prices

Shell to sack 6,500; cut spending to cope with lower oil prices

London – Royal Dutch Shell (RDSa.L) says it will axe 6,500 jobs this year and step up spending cuts, to deal with an extended period of lower oil prices.
Besides, the company announced on Thursday in London the sale of a 33 per cent stake in the Showa Shell refinery in Japan to Idemitsu, for about $1.4 billion.
The Anglo-Dutch company also said it was planning more asset disposals, bringing total asset sales between 2014 and 2018 to $50 billion.
AAU Ekpoma: Vacancy for the Post of Bursar

AAU Ekpoma: Vacancy for the Post of Bursar

AAU Ekpoma Vacancy for Bursar
The Government Council of the Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma wishes to announce that the post of the University Bursar is vacant. Accordingly, applications are hereby invited from suitably qualified candidate to fill the vacant post.
JOB DESCRIPTION:The Bursar is a Principal Officer and as the Chief Financial Officer of the University is responsible to the Vice-Chancellor for the day-to-day administration and control of the financial affairs of the University.
TENURE: The University BURSAR shall hold office for a single term of five years and on such terms and conditions as specified in his/her letter of appointment.
PDP Allegedly Broke | Planning To Sack 50% Of Its Workforce

PDP Allegedly Broke | Planning To Sack 50% Of Its Workforce

PDP
Precisely two months after losing power at the national level and in majority of the states, the national leadership of the former ruling party, the Peoples Democratic Party, has concluded plans to sack half of its workforce.
The decision of the National Working Committee of the party was communicated by National Secretary of the party, Prof. Wale Oladipo to all its directors.
MH370 – Wreckage Discovered Off African Coast Might Be Missing Malaysian Plane (Photos)

MH370 – Wreckage Discovered Off African Coast Might Be Missing Malaysian Plane (Photos)

MH3702
A Plane wreckage, discovered off the coast of the Africa is said to be consistent with the missing Malaysian Plane, flight MH370.
Reports claim that, investigators confirm the debris, which was discovered close to the island of Reunion in the Indian Ocean, is that of a Boeing 777.
The Malaysia Airlines jet – also a Boeing 777 – is said to have come down in the same ocean on March 8 last year.
Moses scores again

Moses scores again

Moses scores again
For the second straight pre – season game, Chelsea ran out winners on penalties against Barcelona after normal time ended 2 – 2 in Washington DC.
As per team news, there was no place in the starting XI for the four Nigerian players that travelled with the squad to North America, however, Mikel and Moses were introduced on the hour mark, replacing Matic and Fabregas respectively.

Microsoft Has Released Windows 10 As A FREE Download [Upgrade Now]

Windows 10 is here. After nine months of public beta testing, the final version is rolling out to machines across the world. You can now upgrade to Windows 10 free of charge if you have Windows 7 or Windows 8.1 on your existing PC. While not every single machine will get the upgrade instantly, Microsoft is rolling out the install to millions of devices. All you have to do is register for the upgrade from the taskbar, and Microsoft will alert you once it's ready to be installed. See our guide for full Windows 10 upgrade instructions.

Wednesday, July 29, 2015

Tuesday, July 28, 2015

16-Year old boy kills toddler in Lagos, removes intestine, kidney.

                                   where are we going in this world. God should help us.

Following the brutal murder of a 4-year-old boy in Ijaniki area of Lagos state, 16-year-old, Tajudeen Azeez, has been arrested by the Lagos state police command. Azeez who reportedly lured the deceased to the back of an Anglican primary school where he committed the murder, removed the deceased’s intestine and kidney after stabbing him in the back. Upon interrogation, the suspect revealed that one Osho promised to give him N50,000 if he could provide him with fresh human parts.
According to Azeez, “At first, I did not want to succumb to the temptation but it kept coming. When I woke up this morning (Monday), I saw Ibrahim at the back of the house. I told him to escort me to a primary school not too far from the house.” According to the acting police public relations officer for the Lagos Command, Patricia Amadin who confirmed the incident, the police was making effort to arrest Osho, who is currently on the run. Uploaded by (Anex119)
“Reverse Ban, Or We Bring Down Your Govt” – Beggars Warn El Rufai

“Reverse Ban, Or We Bring Down Your Govt” – Beggars Warn El Rufai


Beggars
Some beggars in Kaduna state, on Monday said they had used proceeds from begging to help join the movement that produced Governor El Rufai of Kaduna State and promised to bring down his government should he insist on stopping their livelihood without providing them any alternative.
The beggars who addressed the Press in Kaduna through the leadership of Kaduna State Beggars Association said if they knew that El Rufai would stop them from begging and would show no care about their welfare afterwards, they would never have voted him in the first place.

VIDEO: Mo’Cheddah – ‘Bad’ Feat. Olamide

Cheddah Music presents the music video for Mo’Cheddah’s latest Single ‘Bad’ which features YBNL’s Olamide.
Shot on location in Apapa, this video features rustic scenes and a fiesty spark that Mo’ brings with her eclectic style and funk.
Baba Miliano further lights up this one with his grungy sound of the streets in a fusion of art and sound.
Directed by Clarence Peters for Capital Dreams Pictures.


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Britain’s Fattest Man Dies at 33 - PHOTOS

Carl Thompson, who weighed 65 stone dies at 33.He was found dead at his flat in Dover, Kent last month after spree-eating for years following the death of his mother.  

Mr Thompson was completely bedbound in the run-up to his death and often consumed 10,000 calories a day spending thousands of pounds a year on fast food. He spent £22,000 on takeaways in six years

PICTURED: Real Life Angel Has Fallen From The Sky

A human like “Angel” has fallen out of the skies over London. The extremely human like creature with what seems to be “angel” wings as arms appears to have fallen from the sky at around 1:50pm this afternoon.
Nigerian Future Star

Nigerian Future Star

Kelechi Iheanacho - Manchester City 21072015Kelechi Iheanacho: The bright hope of Nigeria’s future, Kelechi Iheanacho delivered a dazzling display for Manchester City against AS Roma. While Raheem Sterling stole the show with his debut goal, ‘Kele’ also found the net for the Citizens’ second, finishing calmly when one-on-one with the goalkeeper following a defensive error. The 18-year-old has been praised by Manuel Pellegrini, but will he be given an opportunity at the Etihad Stadium this season?

Bobby Brown Won’t Inherit Whitney And Bobbi Kristina’s Fortune | Read Why

Bobby Brown Won’t Inherit Whitney And Bobbi Kristina’s Fortune | Read Why

Bobbi Whitney Bobby
We reported earlier today that only daughter of Late music Legend, Whitney Houston, Bobbi Kristina passed away. Following the death of the 22 year old, people began to speculate who would inherit the fortune of her late mum, which was left in her name.
Logically, it’s okay to say that Bobby Brown would be the one to inherit the fortune, (her estate), it is now being revealed that he won’t be getting a penny.
According to TMZ,
The Ooni Of Ife Is Dead

The Ooni Of Ife Is Dead

Ooni of Ife, Oba Okunade Sijuwade is deadThe Ooni of Ife, Alayeluwa Oba Okunade Sijuwade is dead. He died today in London at the age of 85.
 
Oba Sijuwade was the fifth Ooni of Ife. He climbed unto the throne on December 6, 1980. As the Ooni of Ife, he presided over the Ife territory, in the South West Nigeria but his influence went far and beyond.

Monday, July 27, 2015

Liverpool still want to sign Lyon striker

Liverpool still want to sign Lyon striker

lacazette
Liverpool are still interested in signing Lyon striker Alexandre Lacazette for €30.5 million (£21.7m) this summer despite already signing Christian Benteke.
The Reds completed the signing of Christian Benteke, 24, from Aston Villa last week, but covering reports from French outlet L’Equipe, speculate that their summer spending hasn’t ended yet.
Chelsea ready to sell Juan Cuadrado

Chelsea ready to sell Juan Cuadrado

Juan-Cuadrado-425435
According to reports (Sun). Chelsea are willing to sell Juan Cuadrado this summer if they receive a bid of around £18m.
The formal Fiorentina player has struggled to fit in at Stamford Bridge since moving toChelsea in the January transfer window, and it looks already like he could be heading for the exit door.
The Kardashians/Jenners All Troop Out In Fabulousity (Photos)

The Kardashians/Jenners All Troop Out In Fabulousity (Photos)


The Kardash Jenners
The Kardashian/Jenner Clan, all stepped out yesterday to celebrate the birthday of their grandmother, Mary Jo Campbell.
Kim Kardashian, her mum, Kris Jenner, Kris Jenner’s boyfriend, Corey Gamble,Kourtney, Kylie, Kendall, Kourtney’s son, Mason and their grandmother all stepped out fabulously as they attended the Phantom of The Opera in Hollywood on Sunday.
Manchester United sign new goalkeeper

Manchester United sign new goalkeeper

Sergio-Romero-Vogue-12Jun14-PA_b
According to reports Man United have agree terms with Sampdoria for goalkeeper Sergio Romero.
Manchester United were completing their fifth summer signing with the arrival of Argentinian goalkeeper Sergio Romero from Sampdoria.
The news isn’t exactly surprising considering all the talk about David De Gea returning toMadrid while Victor Valdes doesn’t seem to be reading from the same philosophy book of Louis Van Gaal.
As for Romero, the 28-year-old played under Louis van Gaal at AZ Alkmaar and joins on a free transfer having come to the end of his contract at Sampdoria.
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Toke Makinwa’s Response To “If She Would Accept Her Husband’s Apology”

Toke Makinwa’s Response To “If She Would Accept Her Husband’s Apology”

toke makinwa and hubby
Media Personality/PayPorte Ambassador, Toke Makinwa, has responded to her her husband, Maje Ayida‘s public apology by not saying anything about it.
In Maje’s apology, he stated point blank that he was wrong and he is still in love with his wife.
Saturday Beats reached out to the Fitness expert on the phone about the issue and he said: